HOW TO GET THERE
Myanmar requires a valid passport of minimum 6 months with Entry Visa is required for all visitors. Entry Visa for 28 days and it is easily available at Myanmar Diplomatic Mission or from online e-Visa application .Tourist Visa & Business Visa are extendible to 14 days for tourists & 3 months for business.
e-VISA online Application
Ministry of Immigration & Population of The Republic of the Union of Myanmar allows the visitors (both Tourists & Businessmen) to Myanmar Online E-Visa System, for Tourist Visa starting from 1st September, 2014 as well as Business Visa starting from 1st July, 2015.
Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport are the main gateways into Myanmar. Yangon has direct air-link with Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Phuket, Mae Sot, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taipei, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Kolkata, Gaya, Kunming, Guangzhou, Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo, Doha and to Dubai very soon with 25 International Airlines; Myanmar Airways International, Myanmar National Airlines, Thai Airways international, Silk Air, Singapore Airlines, Indian Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, China Airlines ,China Eastern, China Southern Airlines, Air China, Air Asia, All Nippon Airways, Bangkok Airways, Bimen Bangladesh, Dragon Air, Jetstar Asia, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines , Nok Air, Novo Air, Qatar Airways, Tiger Air, Vietnam Airlines, Viet Jet Air and Emirates operate scheduled flights in and out of Yangon.
Mandalay has air-link with Thai Air Asia, Bangkok Airways, China Eastern Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Japan Airlines, KLM, Malaysia Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, Silk Air, and Virgin Australia.
There are 10 Domestic Airlines in Myanmar which fly to major tourist attractions and other cities; Air Bagan, Air KBZ, Air Mandalay, Apex Airlines, Asia Wings, FMI Charter Flights, Golden Myanmar Airlines, Manyadanarpon Airlines, Myanmar National Airlines and Yangon Airways.
Entry by overland is allowed though Check Points along Yunan-Myanmar and Thai-Myanmar Borders. Tourists are allowed to enter though Border Check Points at Mu-se ,Nam-Khan, Kyu-gok, Lwe-je and Kun-lone from Yunan Province and Tachilek, Myawady, Three Pagoda Pass and Kawthaung from Thailand. Package tourists from Yunan Province are allowed to travel up to Yangon and tourists from Thailand are allowed up to Kyaing-Tong and from Kyaing-Tong to Jing-hong (Xisaungbana) in Yunan with a prior approval.
With effect from the 28th August 2013, those Myanmar and Thai citizens as well as Third country citizens holding valid passport with visa will be permitted to enter and depart from Myanmar;
(a) Tachilek – Maisai
(b) Myawaddy – Mesok
(c) Htee Kee – Phunaron
(d) Kawthoung – Ranong
Those who enter/ depart from the aforesaid International entrance/ exits will be permitted to enter/depart from any International entrance / exits of Myanmar; Nay Pyi Taw International Airport, Yangon International Airport, Mandalay International Airport, Tachilek, Myawaddy, Htee Kee and Kawthoung.
Regarding the permit of stay, extension of stay and the visa fees, the rules and regulation are the same as before depending on the type of visa for which application has been made to be able to enter Myanmar.
Under the current circumstances, Visa On Arrival is not issued yet at those entrances.
The Visitors are permitted to travel everywhere except the restricted areas designated by the Ministry of Home Affair in its Notification 77/2013 issued on 15-1-2013 ( The list of restricted areas is available at border entrances / exits ).
Travel insurance is not included in your tour price. It is the passenger’s responsibility to verify whether his/her local health insurance carrier provides coverage while traveling inside of the Myanmar. Please contact your insurance carrier for details. We strongly advise you that you purchase a comprehensive travel insurance policy at home to cover all aspects of your tour; including the loss of deposits through cancellation, loss of baggage and personal items, personal injury and death. A waiver must be signed if insurance is declined.
No immunizations are formally required, although malaria prophylactic is often recommended by personal physicians. Occasionally, typhoid, hepatitis, tetanus and Japanese encephalitis vaccinations are also recommended. Drink only bottled or boiled water, not any tap water. All hotels supply bottled water, as well as a good selection of Asia and Western foods. Use sunscreen liberally when exposed to the intense, tropical sun.
All foreign currencies (above US$ 2000) and jewelries and cameras must be declared to the Customs at the Airport. For Customs clearance there is a Green Channel for visitors with nothing to declare and Red Channel for visitors with dutiable items. Export of antiques and archeologically valuable are strictly prohibited.
Due to the sanctions of U.S to Myanmar Government, all the credit cards were not possible to use around the country until the release in recent years.
In 2014, Visa Card & Master Card have signed up with Myanmar Private Banks to issue their cards. Transactions on Visa & Master cards by tourists are possible now, inclusive of ATM withdrawals in Myanmar currency and making payments at retail points, at 5 Stars/4 Stars Hotels in the big cities. Anyway, the credit cards are not widely accepted throughout Myanmar yet. So, the travelers are recommended to carry some hard cash.
The currency in Myanmar is the Kyat. Present denominations are in notes:
Kyats : 10000,5000,1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 1.
It is advisable to bring for personal expenses like meals, drinks, buying souvenirs etc. enough US$ or EURO in cash to Myanmar. You can use old and new US$ notes here in Myanmar. In case of using 100 US$ notes; ONLY new notes after 1996 will be accepted normally. All other currencies are not widely accepted. We suggest to bring US$ only as it may be difficult to change EURO; BRITISH POUNDS or other currencies. Foreign Currencies can be exchanged for Kyats (Myanmar currency) at market rates at airport, banks, and hotels and at the authorized money changers in downtown Yangon.
BUSINESS HOURS & HOLIDAYS
Government offices open from 10:00 to 16:00 on weekdays. Banking hours are from 10:00 to 14:00. Private Companies open from 9:00 to 5:00 weekdays and half day on Saturdays and closed on Sundays and gazette holidays. Shopping centers and super markets open daily. The most famous Bo Gyoke Aung San Market (Ex-Scott Market) is open daily from 10:00 to 16:00 except on Mondays and gazette holidays.
WHAT TO BRING
Sun hat, sun glasses, sun protection for your face and body, prescription medicines, insect repellent and an umbrella April to October (rain or shine),a light warm sweater, when travelling Inle Lake area and to the Golden Rock. An antibiotic cream for minor cuts and scratches, extra pair of prescription glasses, a small flashlight and extra passport photos.
WHAT TO WEAR
Casual and light clothing is recommended for Myanmar all year round. A light sweater or jacket will be useful during the cool season and when travelling in northern areas. Shoes and other footwear (including socks) must be removed when entering religious buildings and homes. Mini-skirts, shorts and revealing clothes are prohibited when visiting temples and pagodas.
GMT + 6 ½ hours (one hour difference with Singapore and 30 minutes with Thailand)
Electricity is mainly 220 – 230 Volts/50 cycles. However, fluctuations can be amazing: Be prepared for anything between 140 and 240 Volts! That’s why no Myanmar household is complete with at least one if not a battery of voltage regulators. Make sure to protect your electrical appliances from Over Voltage.
LANGUAGE & RELIGION
There are over one hundred ethnic groups in Myanmar, all with their own languages and dialects. The majority speak Myanmar (Burmese), although English is widely spoken. 85% of Myanmar are Theravada Buddhist. The rest embrace Christianity, Islam, Hinduism or Animism.
It is recommended that you avoid kissing and hugging in public, pointing at things with your feet, sitting with your feet pointing to a Buddha image or a Shrine, improper use of or behavior toward a sacred thing like a Buddha image. Shoes and other footwear (including socks) must be removed when entering religious buildings and homes. Miniskirts, shorts and revealing clothes are prohibited when visiting temples and pagodas.
Entrance fees are collected at the famous Pagodas, Temples, Monasteries, Old Palace and Archaeological Zones. Tickets are available at the entrance of the respective places or sites.
CLIMATE & WEATHER
Myanmar has three “seasons”: – (1) Hot Season (March to May), (2) Rainy Season (June to September), (3) Cool Season (October to February). The weather is generally warm and dry except during the rainy season from late-May to September. In Northern and North-eastern areas, the weather is mild and cool in the nights. The Best time to visit Myanmar is during the cool Season.
FOOD & DRINK
Myanmar cuisine uses rice as staple dishes, usually served with a variety of side dishes: curries with meat or fish, vegetables, salads, soup, condiments etc. Myanmar curries tend to be less chili-hot than those served in Thailand, In order to give travelers a true feeling for the Burma, Restaurant and food are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomic considerations. Meals & drinks at International Hotels are considerably expensive. There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at reasonable prices.
Most of the restaurants in the major cities serve various dishes of Chinese, European, Thai and Indian cuisine. Myanmar dishes are oily, sour, salty and spicy. There are also a wide variety of local snacks and delicacies.
Mok-hin-kha (thin rice noodles served with fish gravy) and Ohn-Noh-Khauk-Swe (noodles served with chicken chunks and coconut gravy) are the most popular in Myanmar. Shan food and delicacies also are available. Shan style of cooking belongs neither to Myanmar nor Chinese nor Thai cuisine but they taste really good in their own way.
Throughout most Asian countries including Myanmar MSG (Monosodium Glutamate) known locally as ‘AJINOMOTO’ – is still used in food preparation in some restaurants. Some travelers who may experience Allergy; swollen feet, hands or headaches will more than likely have had a good amount of MSG in the food. It is always best to inform your guide when ordering if you do not wish it to be added to your food.
Only drink purified bottled water. Bottled water is readily available and some hotels provide complimentary. Carry a bottle with you throughout the day.
If you should get sick in spite of all the precautions, following hospitals are recommended:
SOS Int’l Clinic
Inya Lake Hotel,
37 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road,
Tel : (95-1) 657922
24-hour emergency centre with an expatriate doctor who can arrange referrals if needed. Also well equipped with diagnostic and general surgery services.
Head Doctor: Dr. Olivier Cattin
Asia Pacific Medical Centre
81 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan, Yangon
Tel: (95-1) 549152, (01) 553783,09-73056079
Australian Embassy Health Clinic & Dental Surgery
Unit 206, Golden Hill Tower, 24-26 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan
Tel: (951) 558353
• Range of family GP services from an Australian registered GP.
• There is a small pharmacy at the clinic.
• X-ray and Pathology services are also available.
• Head Doctor: Dr. Mark Hampson
Pan Hlaing Int’l Hospital
Pan Hlaing Golf Course Housing, Hlaing Tha Yar,
Tel : (95-1) 664321~8